Week - 7.1 - The Kleshas (Poisens)
On Feb 11th 1990, Nelson Mandela was released from a South African Prison after 27 years.
Kleśa (sanskrit क्लेश, also klesha ) is a term from Indian philosophy and yoga, meaning a "poison". The third śloka of the second chapter of Patañjali's Yogasūtra explicitly identifies Five Poisons (Sanskrit: pañcakleśā):
अविद्यास्मितारागद्वेषाभिनिवेशाः पञ्च क्लेशाः॥३॥
Avidyāsmitārāgadveṣābhiniveśāḥ pañca kleśāḥ
Translated into English, these five (pañca) Kleśa-s or Afflictions (kleśāḥ) are:
Ignorance (in the form of a misapprehension about reality) (ávidyā),
egoism (in the form of an erroneous identification of the Self with the intellect) (asmitā),
aversion (dveṣa), and
fear of death (which is derived from clinging ignorantly to life) (abhiniveśāḥ).
Sutra 2.2 introduces the subject very clearly: “The goal of Yoga is not to obtain something that is lacking: it is the realization of an already present reality. The yoga practice aims to remove the obstacles that obstruct the experience of Samadhi, or the state of complete absorption”.
The Two Travelers and the Farmer
A traveler came upon an old farmer hoeing in his field beside the road. Eager to rest his feet, the wanderer hailed the countryman, who seemed happy enough to straighten his back and talk for a moment.
"What sort of people live in the next town?" asked the stranger.
"What were the people like where you've come from?" replied the farmer, answering the question with another question.
"They were a bad lot. Troublemakers all, and lazy too. The most selfish people in the world, and not a one of them to be trusted. I'm happy to be leaving the scoundrels."
"Is that so?" replied the old farmer. "Well, I'm afraid that you'll find the same sort in the next town.
Disappointed, the traveler trudged on his way, and the farmer returned to his work.
Some time later another stranger, coming from the same direction, hailed the farmer, and they stopped to talk. "What sort of people live in the next town?" he asked.
"What were the people like where you've come from?" replied the farmer once again.
"They were the best people in the world. Hard working, honest, and friendly. I'm sorry to be leaving them."
"Fear not," said the farmer. "You'll find the same sort in the next town."
“As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn’t leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I’d still be in prison.” – Nelson Mandela
“Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.” – Nelson Mandela
“The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it.” – Michaelangelo
“Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure.” – Nelson Mandela
“I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.” – Nelson Mandela
“I never lose. I either win or learn.” – Nelson Mandela
“A winner is a dreamer who never gives up.” – Nelson Mandela
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” – Nelson Mandela
“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.” – Nelson Mandela
“Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.” – Nelson Mandela
“May your choices reflect your hopes, and not your fears.” – Nelson Mandela
“The greatest glory in living is not in falling, but in rising every time we fall.” – Nelson Mandela
“I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.” – Nelson Mandela
“Everything you’ve ever wanted is on the other side of fear.” — George Addair
“If you believe it will work out, you’ll see opportunities. If you believe it won’t, you will see obstacles.” – Wayne Dyer
“Your mind is a powerful thing. When you fill it with positive thoughts, your life will start to change.” – Unknown
“Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.” – Mahatma Gandhi
“The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be.” —Ralph Waldo Emerson
“If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude.” – Maya Angelou
“Limitations live only in our minds. But if we use our imaginations, our possibilities become limitless.” —Jamie Paolinetti
“Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn’t do than by the things you did.” – Mark Twain
“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.” – Steve Jobs
“Be so happy that when others look at you they become happy too.” – Unknown
“The Secret of Change Is to Focus All of Your Energy, Not on Fighting the Old, But on Building the New.” – Socrates
“You will never find time for anything. If you want time you must make it.” – Charles Buxton "If you dont have time for the things that matter, stop wasting time on the things that dont."
“God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.” - Reinhold Niebuhr
"Forgive yourself for not knowing what you didn't know before you lived through it. Honor your path. Trust your journey. Learn, grow, evolve, become." ~Creig Crippen
"Take care of yourself so you’re strong and healthy for the important people in your life. It’s not selfish. It’s self-nurturing, it’s necessary, and you’re allowed." - Farnoosh Brock